This post is a travelguide with the best things to do in Yazd.
Yazd was one of my favourite cities in Iran. First of all, I loved the laid back atmosphere and it was the perfect place to take it slow for a couple of days. One of the best things to do in Yazd was simply wandering around the winding lanes of the old town where every time I discovered something new. A hidden mosque, a shrine, a wind tower or a traditional zurkhaneh.
Yazd offers plenty of things to do for those that love history and culture. The city is beautiful enough to spend most of your time there, but Yazd is also the perfect gateway to explore Irans stunning desert.
Yazd: a desert city
Yazd is a true desert city and the desert is never far away. From sandstorms to the extreme heat. Yazd was the first place where the dress code felt too warm for me, even though it was still April. I can only imagine how hot it must be in summer.
However Yazd is well adapted to the climate in several ways. Wind towers were made to cool down the houses and the so called ab anbars were to preserve water. The domes of the underground water storages with a wind tower on each side are still a common sight in Yazd.
Unfortunately many water storages and wind towers are left abandoned and the question is for how long they will survive before crumbling down. For now, finding them in the small neighbourhoods of the city is one of the fun things to do in Yazd.
A history of Yazd
Despite its remote location in the desert and the harsh climate, Yazd claims to be one of the oldest continously inhabited cities in the world. Whether the claim is true or not it certainly was an important town on the ancient Silk road.
Yazd was an essential stop on the trading route from China to Europe. It was here that cultural and political ideas were exchanged between traders of multiple countries. Nowadays it is not traders that come, but foreign tourists keeping the tradition of cultural exchange alive.
The best things to do in Yazd
1. The blue mosque
One of the best thing to do in Yazd is a visit to the blue mosque. During the day the blue tiles are already impressive, but they truly come alive at night when the lights deepen the blue colours.
For me, this was the most beautiful place to visit in Yazd and I was lucky my hotel was right next to it so I could visit it multiple times. Each time I noticed different details.
2. The towers of Silence
Iran’s history is full of things that we hear little about in the west. Did you know for example that the oldest religion comes from Iran.
Before Iran adopted Islam, they practised Zoroastrianism. The first monotheistic religion in the world that is believed to have had a huge influence on the development of christianity.
The best thing to do in Yazd to learn more about the history of Zoroastrianism is a visit to the towers of silence. Zoroastrians believe the earth is holy and should not be polluted by burying the death. Instead they used sky burial sites where bodies where left for birds to eat. They are no longer in use as such, but are now a popular tourist attraction.
3. The Zoroastrian Fire temple
Yazd is one of the few places in Iran that still has a small Zoroastrian minority. The towers of silence are now remains of the past, but the fire temple in Yazd is still an active place of worship.
The holy fire inside is said to be burning since 470 AD. There is also a small, but interesting museum with explanations about the Zoroastrian faith and customs. It is the best thing to do in Yazd to see the still active Zoroastrian community in practice.
4. Old Town of Yazd
One of my favourite things to do in Yazd was simply wandering around in the old town. It is there that you will find the real beauty of Yazd. The narrow streets with the yellow sandstone houses are peaceful and quiet. You might get lost, but it is the kind of place where that doesn’t matter.
5. Khan e Lari
There are several traditional old houses in the old town of Yazd. Honestly, they were not as impressive as the houses in Kashan and a little bit of a tourist trap.
I visited the Khan e Lari and the only interesting thing I saw was a white room with old pictures of smoking ladies.
If you did not visit the traditional homes in Kashan it might be worth the entrance fee, otherwise you will not miss much. Chances are, that your traditional hostel is more beautiful.
6. Alexander Prison
Alexander Prison is busy with tourgroups, but for me this was another tourist trap in the old town. It is not at all sure this building was built by Alexander the Great and there is nothing special to see inside.
The courtyard in front of the Alexander prison is a nice place to sit and see the building from outside. It is in the midst of the old town so you will likely pass by anyway.
7. Visiting Ab Anbars & The water museum
We came across several ab anbars or water reservoirs in Yazd. They are interesting dome structures in which water is stored underground and cooled by wind towers. Some of them are still in use but most of the ones we saw were deserted and used for trash.
Also we never found out where the water that used to be stored inside of them was coming from. There is also a water museum near the Amir Chakmakh square with more information about the use of water in this desert city.
8. Visiting the Zurkhaneh
While walking through town, two men invited us to their woodworkshop. They were making meels for the local zurkhaneh. A traditional gym where men make impressive moves with the meels on upbeat music.
We got a free demonstration on how they were used and were then encouraged to try it out ourselves. They were extremely heavy and our efforts were witnessed by much joy and laughter. Later on we passed by a zurkhaneh and were able to have a quick look inside.
Unfortunately we weren’t able to see a show, but if you can it certainly is one of the most fun things to do in Yazd.
9. Amir Chakmakh mosque
The Amir chakmakh mosque is a beautiful structure on a large square near the old town. Nearby are several fun things to do in Yazd such as a zurkhaneh that is open for visitors and the water museum. Therefore it is well worth the gentle walk from the old town to the Amir Chakmakh square.
10. Eating liver or heart kabab under the Amir Chakmakh mosque
Another reason why it is worth heading to the Amir Chakmak mosque is because it is the best place in Yazd to have kebabs. My favourite is liver kebab, but here you can also find heart kebab, kidney kebab or kebab of pure sheep fat.
11. Try sweets in Yazd
Yazd is known for its sweets and near the Amir Chakmakh mosque you will see several stores selling a variety of mouth watering candies. Haj Khalifeh Rahbar is supposed to be the best. It is a tradition in Iran that whomever goes to Yazd brings back home candies for everyone to enjoy. Some of it’s specialities are
Ghotab: deep fried almond filled pastries
Haaji Baadam: almond cookies made with nutmeg and chickpea flour
Bakhlava: The Yazd version of baklava using rose water syrup.
Pashmak: Iranian cotton candy
Loze nargil: coconut sweets with rose water
Cake Yazdi: Iranian cupcakes
If you want to read more about Iran’s food read my post here on the Persian food guide: eating your way through Iran.
The best things to do near Yazd
Kharanaq is an old mud brick village that apparently was once an important resting point on the ancient silk road. The mud brick houses are now abandoned and crumbling down. I honestly tought it was a bit of a tourist trap and was more impressed by the surrounding countryside than by the ruins.
13. Chak Chak
Chak chak is a Zoroastrian water temple with a beautiful view on the desert. Zoroastrians come here to pray for the water that drips out of the mountain side. They believe that the daughter of one of the old kings came here to pray to Ahura Mazda, the god of the Zoroastrians. In response the mountain opened up and took her in to protect her. The ever dripping drops of water are believed to be tears of grief in remembrance of the princess.
Meybod is another desert town where the modern buildings have mixed with some older ruins such as a castle, several water reservoirs and a pigeon-house. Such houses were built for pigeons to rest in and their droppings were used as a fertilizer.
Nain is a small town in the desert halfway between Yazd and Tehran. Most tour groups only make a quick stop to see the first and oldest mosque in Iran. Wikitravel convinced me that there is more to this town than the oldest mosque alone and promised me a variety of things to do such as an old castle and a bazaar.
Old it was, but the reality were abandoned buildings that were falling apart. The old bazaar had closed down with most merchants moving to the newer parts of town. The mud brick structures were left alone to crumble down.
A pity, as this town obviously has a lot of potential if things were maintained. At the other hand, it is very quiet with no other tourists around and this made the old town a great place to shoot pictures.
At the oldest mosque I met the author of the travel guide on Wikitravel. He is trying to promote Nain as a tourist destination and is collecting photos of Iran to sell as post cards to the tour groups visiting the mosque.
I am not sure Nain will ever be the next tourist destination, but it certainly was an interesting place off the beaten path with friendly people. It was the only place where I saw the water reservoirs still in use.
In the new part of town Nain was more lively. A men invited me to his sweets factory to try out the Iranian version of Nougat called Gaz. It was absolutely delicious. It’s a white nougat with pistacio nuts inside.
The best hostels in Yazd
Nain: MosaferKhaneh Gholami (400,000 rials for single room without bathroom)
Yazd: Orient Hostel (Highly recommended, one of the best restaurants in Iran. Very good fesendjoon and also try shuli. Vegetarians will like it as well as they have several options too)
How to get to Yazd
Nain: there are frequent buses to Yazd (3 hours), Esfahan (3 hours) & Tehran (6 hours)
Kharanaq, Meybod & Chak Chak: There is no public transport, but it is easy to hire a taxi to visit all three places in a day.
Ellis is a travelblogger from the Netherlands with over 20 years of experience as an independent budget traveller in more than 50 countries. She has a Master degree in Cultural Anthropology and Global Health with a specialization in South Asian cultures and the Caucasus.