Kosovo itinerary: how to spend one week in Kosovo
This post is all about travel in Kosovo. This travel guide has everything you need to know before backpacking Kosovo including a one week Kosovo itinerary.
Kosovo is a great country so before I share my one week Kosovo itinerary with all the ins and outs, let me explain why it is the perfect destination for backpackers.
Why visit Kosovo?
My one week Kosovo itinerary was a very rewarding experience for me. Personally I knew Kosovo mostly because of the news and not as a tourist destination.
Therefore I was surprised by the amount of things to do and the diversity of the country. The charming towns, the spectacular mountains, the old monasteries and most of all the friendly people that will welcome you with open arms.
Backpacking Kosovo turned out to be very easy as well. There are frequent buses between the major cities, plenty of great budget hotels and it is among one of the cheapest countries in Europe. Even taking a taxi to more remote places will still fit within the average backpackers budget.
There are so many things to do in Kosovo that you will likely underestimate the time you need for your Kosovo itinerary. It is possible to visit Kosovo in a few days, but a week is much better to fully appreciate the country. Even then it is easy to stay much longer, especially if you want to do some hiking or learn more about its history.
Why visit Kosovo now?
Kosovo is Europe’s newest country and in my opinion also one of the most fascinating ones. It’s been ten years since Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia in 2008.
I wish I could write how well Kosovo has been doing since then, but things are not that simple. The war might be over, but migration, unemployment, mixed international recognition, unresolved war crimes and tensions between the Serbs and Albanians remain.
Still, the young nation where 53% of the population is under the age of 25 is proud of its independence and hopeful for a better future. And there is no reason to believe that with this youthful spirit the country can not progress and overcome it’s challenges.
Despite it’s problems, backpacking Kosovo is very safe. There is an impressive amount of things to do in Kosovo for its small size and where else can you witness history in the making first hand?
A one week Kosovo itinerary
In my latest trip to the Balkans I made sure to include Kosovo. Here I will share my one week Kosovo itinerary with you. I visited the pleasant cities of Peja, Gjakova, Prizren and Pristina and went on a range of exciting daytrips to Kosovo’s incredible nature and old monasteries.
My journey started in Albania where I took a minibus from Valbona to Gjakova in Kosovo. Surprisingly, the border was one of the easiest border crossings of my trip in the Balkans.
As we pass by several villages a young girl next to me informs me that this area, with mostly Kosovar Albanians like herself, was heavily affected by the war and a large number of people that lived here fled to Albania or Europe. Still fearing the Serbs, those that returned rebuilt their homes close together in clusters rather than return to their old homes that were interspersed with large farmlands in between.
My first stop in Kosovo was the small town of Gjakova with the oldest and longest bazaar in Kosovo. The town’s old bazaar was destroyed during the war in 1999, but has now been renovated in its original state. The atmosphere is friendly and relaxed and there are plenty of young people willing to talk about their city.
Gjakova is one of the best places to visit in Kosovo for those that love food. Gjakovars are said to make some of the best meat and Kosovar recipies in the country. The amount of cafes and local restaurants certainly live up to that name. It makes a great lunch stop en route between Prizren and Peja (both 1 hr away).
Don’t miss the old hadum mosque and if you have more time you can hike up the Cabrati hill and have a wonderful view over the city
Recommended time: 1 day or a long lunch stop
Logistics: Buses to Prizren, Peja and Pristina (1 – 1.5 hours) leave almost every hour during the day. To go to Valbona in Albania you can take a mini bus to Bajram Curri (Albania) and from there to Valbona.
Where to stay: One of the best options in the center is the hotel Carshia and Jupave
2. Peja: the gateway to Kosovo’s mountains
Did I already say that Kosovars are friendly people and very happy to talk to foreigners? I was looking for the station in Gjakova for the bus to Peja when a taxi driver decided to help me out. He didn’t bring me to the station, but parked his car right in front of the bus that had already left and was just passing by.
My next stop was the friendly city of Peja. The cosy old town of Peja brings you right back to Ottoman times with its lively bazaar and old mosques. But this is not the main reason to include Peja in your Kosovo itineray.
Peja is the gateway to Kosovo’s accursed mountains and the surrounding countryside is stunningly beautiful. They are full with scenic hiking trails such as the Peak of the Balkans trail and the long distance hiking trail of the Via Dinarica. In short, Peja is a great place to base yourself for a few days to explore the area.
Recommended time: 2 – 3 days
Logistics: Buses to Prizren and Pristina (2-3 hours) leave almost every hour during the day.
Daytrip 1: Rugova Canyon and Prokletije mountains
The Rugova canyon is the deepest and longest canyon in Europe. It is an easy daytrip from Peja and one of the most spectacular things to do on your Kosovo itinerary. Through my hotel I booked a taxi. Something that is normally out of my budget, but in Kosovo still a reasonable option.
It was not far to the actual canyon where we stopped to take some pictures. We then moved on to Prokletije national park. This national park is part of the Accursed Mountains covering Albania, Montenegro and Kosovo. This is hiking in Europe off the beaten path through wild nature where bears and wolves still roam.
We continued till the end of the road to a village called Kuqishtë. From here you can hike to Leqinat Lake. Unfortunately I did not have the time to do so, but at Floating my Boat you will find a well written blog post about this trek.
A dirt road goes further till the mountain village of Bogë from where I did some small hikes to enjoy the views over the meadows and forests.
Logistics: It’s probably best to hire a taxi, but there are 1 or 2 public buses a day from Peja to Bogë.
The patriarchate of Pec
At the entrance of the Rugova canyon lies the patriarchate of Pec. One of the most important medieval monuments in Kosovo and the center of the Serbian church. It’s secluded location adds to its tranquility. The pleasant gardens and beatiful frescoes make it a must see. Because it lies at the entrance of the Rugova canyon it is easily combined with a daytrip to Rugova. Otherwise it is a nice 15 minute walk from the centre of Peja.
Daytrip 2: The monastery of Decani
Decani is easy to visit as a day trip from Peja. The monastery of Decani in Kosovo is not without controversy. The monks belong to one of the oldest dioceses of the Serbian orthodox church and it was built by a Serbian king in the mid 14th century. Therefore, the monastery is of great importance for Serbia that does not recognize Kosovo’s independence.
Kosovar Albanians have showed their discontent about the monastery multiple times. Because of the continuing tensions it is on UNESCO’s World Heritage in danger list. The monastery is still guarded by KFOR UN soldiers although things have calmed down in recent years.
My taxi first passed through a checkpoint, way before I see the barbed wired walls of the monastery. To get in, I had to show my passport and received a special visitor pass. The interior of the church is full of wonderful fresco’s and well worth the time and effort.
Logistics: Hire a taxi or take a bus from Peja to Decani and walk 2 kilometers to the church. You could also stop here on your way from Peja to Prizren.
3. Prizren: The heart of Kosovo
Prizren was my favourite place to visit in Kosovo and a city that should be included in every Kosovo itinerary. It reminded me a bit of Sarajevo in Bosnia, because of its strong Ottoman influences and its multicultural nature. Mosques stand alongside Catholic and Orthodox churches. At the bazaar you might forget you are still in Europe as it has a unique Middle Eastern atmosphere.
Unfortunately, unlike Sarajevo, tensions between the different groups are still more tangible. The old Serbian churches are guarded after several attacks and attempts to burn them down. Its hard to reconcile this with the warmth and hospitality of this city.
Prizren is not a big town and it is easy to see everything in one day, but the friendly vibe might keep you longer. The city is best explored on foot and I used this self guided walking tour from Jetsetting Fools. It will pass by most important sights such as the sinan pasa mosque, the old hamam and the church of our lady Ljevis.
It was summer and many Kosovars from Europe came back for holidays or weddings. We saw several wedding couples and the shops were full with extravagant wedding dresses and traditional Albanian costumes. Needless to say it was a joy to wander around Prizrens streets. For the best views on the city and the best sunset finish your day with a walk up the Prizren fortress.
Time recommended: 2 days
Logistics: Buses to Peja and Pristina (1 – 2 hours) leave frequently from the bus station.
Tip: Prizren also offers some exciting daytrips in the surrounding mountains. We liked Prizren so much that we spent all our time in the city, but the Kosovo itinerary of wanderlustingk mentions some interesting options.
4. Pristina: street art and cafes
Pristina is Kosovo’s young capital. Maybe i was spoiled by the old towns of Gjakova, Peja and Prizren, but Pristina wasn’t my favourite place to visit in Kosovo. It missed the personalities that made the other cities welcoming and charming.
We did come accross some quirky architecture and street art in the city and there are a few nice things to do. In one afternoon we walked around to see the bill clinton statue, the newborn monument, the unfinished serbian orthodox church and the brutalist structure that is now the library.
With the summerheat, most people stayed indoors during the day and it was sometimes eerily quiet on the streets. It was only at night when the Nena Thereza boulevard became alive. With some great places to eat we spent our evenings here dining on Kosovar delicacies.
On my second day I was not sure what to do. I already saw everything that was in our guidebook, So I decided to visit the local market in the older part of town near the clocktower. The colourful and lively bazaar selling fresh fruits and vegetables was the first place in Pristina where I felt Kosovo’s unique atmosphere again. The mix of Turkish and Eastern European Balkan vibes. Even though the bazaar is not as beautiful as the other old towns, this is the best thing to do in Pristina.
To end with a positive note. Pristina has some really nice and hip cafe’s. I spent considerable time in Soma’s book station. The combination of books, great food and healthy smoothies always does well with me. Kosovo has great coffee too and other great cafes are Dit e nat, Liburnia, Che bar and Prince coffee house.
Recommended time: 1 day
Daytrip 1: Gracanica monastery
I honestly did not see Gracanica monastery, because its beautiful frescoes were in the process of being renovated while I was there (august 2017), but hopefully this will be finished by the time you read this.
logistics: It is just 8 kilometers from Pristina and it is an easy 15 minute busride away. The Giljan bound buses leave every 30 minutes.
Kosovo Itinerary Travel tips
What and where to eat in Kosovo
Kosovo’s restaurants offer huge portions of delicious meals. Trying Kosovar food is one of the best things about backpacking Kosovo. It’s cuisine is influenced by both Turkish and Balkan food. This means a lot of meat and fresh salads.
The plentiful kebaptore provide grilled meats for little money and are some of the best places to go for a quick and cheap lunch.
Other dishes worth trying in the local restaurants are stuffed peppers, sarma (grape leaves filled with minced meat) and different types of bean stews.
The summer brings heaps of fresh watermelons that are a welcome respite from the heat.
When to visit Kosovo
Winter: Winters can get very cold in Kosovo. Snow and fog will make it difficult to travel around. However, the Rugova mountains are a good place for wintersports. The village of Böge at the end of the road from Peja to the Rugova valley is a ski resort in winter with plenty of things to do for the adventurous traveller.
Spring and Autumn: Spring and autumn are the perfect time to travel to Kosovo when temperatures are not too warm and not too cold. In Spring there is a higher chance of rain, but it is a beautiful as the fields turn green and the flowers boom. In Autumn you can see the trees turn yellow and red and this is another great time to visit Kosovo
Summer: In the summer it can be very hot in the cities and a lot of Kosovars in the diaspora return to Kosovo. Expect to see many cars from Germany and Switzerland. Wedding season is in full swing and these are a big deal in Kosovo. Shops are full with bridal dresses and you will probably encounter wedding parties here and there.
Summer might be warm, but this is also the perfect time to visit Kosovo’s mountains. Kosovo is becoming increasingly more popular as a destination for hikers. Trails are being developed as we speak such as the cross border hiking paths along the Peak of the Balkans trail and the Via Dinarica.
Is Kosovo safe?
Before I went to Kosovo I got quite some questions whether Kosovo was not dangerous. People still associate Kosovo with war and ethnic violence. I can remember the images on the media myself of refugees fleeing from the country. But this was ten years ago and as I said before, the country is now building a new and better future.
Kosovo has made significant progress in recent years in terms of stability and security. Crime rates are relatively low compared to other countries in the region. Kosovo is therefore absolutely safe to visit for tourists.
Even though there might still be tensions between the different ethnic groups, you are not likely to encounter any problems as a tourist. These tensions, though visible at times in guarded Serbian monasteries, were hard to reconcile with the friendly people I met in Kosovo. Not once did I feel my safety was at risk.
Besides the common precautions you need to take as a traveller in any country, there are a few things to take note of in Kosovo. The first thing is that sometimes things can escalate. This is rare, but it helps to keep up to date with the local news. Second is that you might have your own opinion about Kosovo, but it is better to stay away from political discussions.
Solo female travel in Kosovo
As a solo female traveler I experienced no problems in Kosovo. Kosovo is a muslim country, but that is easy to forget when you travel there. Religious life happens mostly at home. Head scarves, for example, are rare in public.
The occasional male attention you might get is easy to deal with. For me walking in Pristina did not feel very different from walking in any other European capital. In general people are very friendly and happy to see tourists in their country.
The best way to travel to Kosovo
Kosovo has frequent bus connections between its cities and with the neighbouring countries Albania, Montenegro, Macedonia and Serbia. Planning your Kosovo itinerary by public transport is easy and convenient. To check bus schedules you can either use Balkanviator or Gjirafa (Albanian language only, but quite self explanatory if you want to check bus schedules).
However, you can also just go to the bus station and buy a ticket for the next bus. Most of the times you don’t have to wait long, unless there is a holiday.
Travelling to and from Serbia: Serbia still does not recognize Kosovo. This means that you can travel from Serbia into Kosovo and back into Serbia (for Serbia you simply haven’t left the country), but not enter Kosovo from a different country and then travel directly to Serbia. Complicated isn’t it!
Luckily distances are not that big. From Pristina we first travelled to Skopje in Macedonia and then took a bus to Nis in Serbia. The other option is to go through Montenegro.
The best way to travel in Kosovo
Buses are the most common form of public transportation in Kosovo. They are generally reliable and inexpensive, and they connect most major towns and cities like Peja, Prizren and Pristina.
Public transport into the mountains and other off the beaten path places in Kosovo is more limited, but taxi’s are not that expensive. Renting a car is another good option if you want more flexibility in your travel plans.
Disclaimer: This post about backpacking Kosovo with a one week Kosovo itinerary contains affiliate links. If you buy any service through any of my links, I will get a small commission at no extra cost to you. These earnings help me to keep Backpack Adventures alive! Thanks for your support!