The cultural triangle of Sri Lanka: a 4 day itinerary

The cultural triangle of Sri Lanka: a 4 day itinerary

Backpacking Sri Lanka: A travel guide to the Cultural Triangle (Dambulla, Sigiriya & Pollonaruwa) for the independent budget traveller

This post is a travel guide to the cultural triangle of Sri Lanka with a 4 day itinerary including places like Sigiriya, Pollonaruwa, Anuradhapura and Dambulla.

“Most tourists only come for Sri Lanka’s beaches and few make it all the way out here to the cultural triangle of Sri Lanka, explained the friendly hostel owner in Dambulla, “They think there is nothing to see here, except for some old stones”.

Why visit the cultural triangle of Sri Lanka?

Dambullah is one of the former royal cities in the Cultural triangle of Sri Lanka. An area that is considered to be the birthplace of Sinhalese Buddhist culture.

I love history and I didn’t mind seeing some old stones and ruins. Little did I know that the cultural triangle of Sri Lanka is also an area with thick jungle teaming with wildlife and an excellent place for a Sri Lanka safari.

This is where the German hostel owner met her Sri Lankan husband years ago when she herself came as a backpacker. She fell in love and stayed and is now running the Dambulla Oasis Tourist Welfare Center. I used the hostel as a base to explore the cultural triangle of Sri Lanka.

In this post I share my 4 day itinerary of the Cultural triangle of Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka Cultural Triangle

The cultural triangle of Sri Lanka in 4 days

Day 1 : Climbing Sigiriya rock (morning)

Climbing Sigiriya rock is one of the highlights in the cultural triangle of Sri Lanka. It is also among one of the most amazing experiences not to miss in Sri Lanka and worth conquering any fears of height you may have.

I remember my Sigiriya experience very well. The wind was blowing through my hair. Adrenaline was going through my body and I was too scared to look down. The steep stairs at the side of the rock were at a dizzying height. I focused on my steps. Step by step I climbed up and it was with relief when i reached the top of the rock for an amazing view over the jungle below.

Sigiriya rock is a lava plug left over from a long gone extinct volcano. One can only imagine how this must have been built-in the early days, but on top of the rock there is a network of ruins. Nobody knows for sure what these ruins once were. A palace? A Buddhist monastery? Sigiriya rock remains a mystery in the midst of a thick jungle surrounding it.

I enjoyed the walk through the jungle from the entrance to the rock just as much as climbing the rock itself. I saw a large number of huge monitor lizards, monkeys and a snake.

Climbing the rock is not as difficult as it looks, except if you are afraid of heights like me. The warning signs about possible hornet attacks in the case of sudden loud noises were also not very encouraging.

There is another smaller rock nearby that is cheaper to visit. Climbing this rock is at your own risk tough and I heard it is rather tricky. Read more in this post from the Italian abroad on how to climb the Pidurangala rock.

Besides Sigiriya rock and Pidurangala rock there is even more to do in Sigiriya and I can recommend this 2 day itinerary with the best things to do in Sigiriya

How to get there: Sigiriya is only 30 minutes by bus from Dambulla and there are two buses per hour. The last bus from Sigiriya back to Dambulla is at 6 pm

Entrance fee: 4200 rupees

Sri Lanka Cultural Triangle

Day 1: The Dambulla cave temples (afternoon)

Dambulla itself might not be the nicest town in the cultural triangle of Sri Lanka, but this is compensated by the beauty of the cave temples. The temples date back to the first century and the ceilings are painted with intricate religious images about Budha and his life. There are around 153 buddha statues in the caves and four statues of Ganesh and Vishnu.

Surprisingly, the admission is free unlike the expensive fees at other places. It’s a short climb on a hill full with playful monkeys looking for opportunities to steal your food.

How to get there: It is a 5 hour bus ride from Colombo to Dambulla. As an alternative you can also take the train from Colombo to Kandy and then take a bus from Kandy to Dambulla (2-3 hours).

Entrance fee: free

Sri Lanka Cultural Triangle

Day 2: Anuradhapura

Anuradhapura is the ancient capital of Buddhist Sri Lanka. The Sinhalese built it in the 4th century BC and it has always been at the centre of Sinhalese culture. For 600 years the Anuradhapura kings ruled Sri Lanka untill they were conquered by the Chola’s and the city fell into decline.

Jungle took over and it were the British that discovered the ruins of Anuradhapura. It was the effort of some British historians and Buddhist priests that led to the restoration of Anuradhapura that is now full of well preserved temple’s, stupa’s and dagoba’s.

Unlike Pollonaruwa it is not only ruins, because most temples are once again active. For the Buddhist world Anuradhapura is now a sacred city and there are a number of new monasteries. Frequent ceremonies and daily rituals give Anuradhapura a spiritual and vibrant atmosphere.

How to get there: There are frequent busses between Dambulla and Anuradhapura taking between 1 and 2 hours

Entrance fee: 3250 rupees

Sri Lanka Cultural Triangle

Day 2: Cycling through Pollonaruwa

Chola invasions from southern India eventually resulted in the decline of Anuradhapura. The Chola kings made their new capital in Pollonaruwa in the tenth century and introduced Hinduism in the country.

The Chola kings built a number of Hindu temples and an extensive irrigation system. The ruins are very well preserved and make from Pollonaruwa one big open air museum that is best explored on a bicycle.

I am cycling on a dirt road surrounded by the green jungle when all of a sudden a monitor lizard is crossing the road in front of me. I stand still and listen to the birds. In the back of my eye I see something moving and when I look I see two deer. For a short time they look back at me before running away in the forest.

I actually came to see the ruins in Pollonaruwa, but ended up seeing deer, monkeys, squirrels and wild pigs. Cycling through this small town full of old Buddhist ruins amidst green jungle and rice paddy fields is a wonderful experience. Bicycles can be rented anywhere in town and it is the best way to explore this town. The entrance fee to Pollonaruwa is 3500 rupees.

How to get there:There are frequent buses between Dambulla and Pollonaruwa. The bus journey takes about an hour and goes straight through the Minneriya NP. It is good to keep your eyes open, because sometimes you can see elephants on the road.

Entrance fee: 3500 rupees

Sri Lanka Cultural Triangle
Sri Lanka Cultural Triangle

Day 4: Getting up close with elephants in Minneriya

Nothing feels like the excitement and thrill of seeing a wild elephant up close. Our jeep driver points out the dark back of an elephant behind the tall grass. He drives closer and soon we see it is not just one elephant, but a herd with several baby elephants.

Minneriya has one of the largest populations of elephants in Sri Lanka. Every year in august they gather all together in Minneriya National Park. The rest of the year they actually wander around Minneriya and neighbouring parks. In Habarana they organise safari’s and the jeep drivers are very knowledgeable about the current whereabouts of them.

I actually did not visit Minneriya national park itself, but the nearby Hurullu reserve as this was were most elephants were at this time. They are wild elephants, but quite used to visitors in their habitat. Due to conservation efforts the elephants are well protected and are not scared of people. With the jeeps you can get pretty close to them and the elephants will simply continue with whatever they are doing.

Sri Lanka Cultural Triangle

Arranging your elephant safari

Most elephant safari’s are reserved through hotels. If you are an independent backpacker it is best to travel to Habarana and arrange a jeep there. However, It might be difficult to find other people to share the costs with. In my experience paying for the whole jeep was still cheaper than some of the prices hotels ask.

Be aware that there are actually 3 different parks in this area. Minneriya, Kaudulla and Hurullu. There is just one herd of elephants tough and they do not know anything about park borders.

The jeep drivers are quite aware of the where about of the elephants and they will bring you to the right park. If for some reason you specifically want to visit Minneriya, because of other wildlife you want to see be clear about this.

How to get there: Habarana is about 30 minutes from Dambulla and there are frequent buses back and forth.

To read more about Sri Lanka’s Wild parks read my post on Sri Lanka Safari: Minneriya, Uda Walawe or Yala

Where to stay in the cultural triangle of Sri Lanka

Consider basing yourself in one of the places and making day trips from there. To explore the cultural triangle you can either stay in Dambulla or the more scenic town of Sigiriya. I stayed in Dambulla and it worked out really well.

While Sigiriya is much more quiet and in the middle of the jungle, Dambulla is more convenient as a transport hub with frequent buses to Anuradhapura, Pollonaruwa, Sigiriya, Habarana and Kandy.

I stayed in the Oasis Tourist Welfare Center. Simple and basic, but with a friendly owner. It is a great place to meet other backpackers and very budget friendly.

Sri Lanka Cultural Triangle

Insider tips for the cultural triangle of Sri Lanka

The entrance fees to Sigiriya (4200), Pollonaruwa(3500) and Anuradhapura (3250) are high. Either calculate this into your budget or make some tough choices.

The ticket for Anuradhapura is only valid for one day and includes a number of temples while others are free. If you stay more than one day in Anuradhapura make sure you visit the paid temples first.

Wear modest clothes, especially when you visit Anuradhapura and Pollonaruwa. Women should at least cover their shoulders and legs.

In most temples you have to take off your shoes, so bring shoes that you can take off easily and that you can recognize among all the others.

The best and cheapest way to explore Anuradhapura and Pollonaruwa is by bicycle. Renting a bicycle should cost between 2 or 3 dollars per day. It can get very hot so bring enough water with you.

You can also rent a tuk tuk, but be prepared to negotiate.

Taking selfies with buddhist statues is frowned upon.

Last updated: August 2019

Backpacking Sri Lanka: A travel guide to the Cultural Triangle (Dambulla, Sigiriya & Pollonaruwa) for the independent budget traveller

There are 25 comments for this article
  1. Pingback: Top 10 things to do in Sri Lanka | Backpack Adventures
  2. Victoria Watts Kennedy at 10:55 pm

    I love Sri Lanka. It’s the first country I travelled to alone so will always have a special place in my heart.

  3. woody world packer at 10:04 am

    lovely post! I love Sri Lanka! Visited years ago on a work trip, and lost all my photo’s ;( So i have to go back one day !

  4. Nicky at 11:49 am

    Sri Lanka is so rich culturally, and you’re right, this is often over looked, with people heading to the coast! Informative article, thanks for sharing your experiences

  5. Veronika at 1:39 pm

    Aww the monkey at the first ficture looks so sad! Nice post, Sri Lanka is so beautiful with plenty of things to see and explore.

  6. Clare at 2:59 pm

    Sri Lanka is high on my list to visit and I will certainly be visiting this area. It looks like there are lots to do and I want to climb that rock!!

    • ellisveen Author at 7:24 pm

      i found hotels to be relatively expensive compared to india. Expect between 20$ – 30$ for a double room on average. I spend about 10$ staying in hostel dorms or finding cheaper basic hotels.

  7. Louiela at 7:30 pm

    I love Sri Lanka… 🙂 it is indeed full of wonders…
    I’d been to Dambulla and Sigiriya… and first to welcome you really are the monkeys… they’re good friends by the way..but its either they’ll scare you or you’ll scare them… 🙂

    Hope to visit again and go to Pollonaruwa and Anuradhapura…

  8. Igor Mozek at 11:56 pm

    We are just planing our trip to Sri Lanka. Thanks for all the useful information and tipps! We are definitely considering Oasis Welfare Center now. We also hope to encounter so many animals like you did…like the monitor lizard! Crazy story!

  9. Melanie at 2:13 am

    This whole trip looks amazing, but seeing all the monkeys everywhere (plus the added bonus of the elephants) would make me so excited!!

  10. Isadora Koller at 2:13 am

    Good guide! These asian countries have such a rich culture, it is impressive. I would love to visit the temples. It is nice to see how everything seems to be in contact with the nature.

  11. Ami Bhat at 6:34 am

    This is a lovely triangle indeed and full of monkeys as I can see. The first picture is amazing…love the monkey’s eyes. On the other hand, the temples are quite like India but different too. I sure would want to add this to my next trip to Sri Lanka. The last time, I did more of hills and beaches.

  12. Krista@Gringita at 1:01 pm

    Very nice trip! I know basically nothing about Sri Lanka, so this is all very interesting for me! The cave temples look so beautiful

  13. Becky Angell at 1:31 pm

    Thanks for the wildlife tips for seeing the elephants, really useful. I love wildlife and like the idea of having my own private jeep so I can spend longer taking photos!!!

  14. Karyna @ Kosan Travel at 10:40 pm

    I’ve never been to Sri Lanka, but I’ve only heard wonderful things. And this post certainly makes me want to go ASAP!

  15. Stella the Travelerette at 12:52 am

    Sri Lanka looks like an amazing place to backpack! I would love to see the playful monkeys even if they tried to steal my food. Your elephant photos are wonderful too!

  16. Punita Malhotra at 6:46 am

    This country is on my radar, but still trying to figure out the different perspectives to explore it. Will Your post gives so much information on the cultural triangle…will definitely help.

  17. Archana Singh at 12:27 pm

    It’s kind of funny that I have traveled across the world and yet haven’t explored my neighbouring country – Srilanka. Guess this post does the job of nudging me perfectly 🙂

  18. Only By Land at 6:19 pm

    The photo of the monkey you took is so cute! Climbing Sigiriya sounds like an exciting experience, even more so because you’re afraid of heights. I have been to Sri Lanka but don’t recall climbing it, i’ll have to check my old picutres.

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